|Did You Know?
The Snares Island penguin belongs to a group of penguins commonly known as crested penguins. All species of crested penguins have heads adorned with yellow feathers. The Snares Island penguin breeds only on the densely forested Snares Islands. It is the only penguin that actually roosts in low trees.
Snares Island Penguin
Common: Snares Crested Penguin.
Scientific: Eudyptes robustus. Eudyptes meaning “good diver” and robustus referring to it’s stout bill.
New Zealand. Breeds only on Snares Island chain. Non-breeding range extends to other nearby islands in the Pacific.
Not well known. Krill, small fish, marine crustaceans.
Breeding occurs in flat, muddy areas or on gentle rock slopes. Nests are built in clearings or under the canopy of the forest. Pairs are monogamous, there is high fidelity to both mate and nest site. Males build the nests. As vegetation is destroyed by feces and trampling, breeding grounds shift.
A two egg clutch is laid in September or October. Both parents incubate for 37-39 days. The males guard the chicks for three weeks, as the female makes daily trips to the sea, and returns to feed the chick. Two chicks hatch, but usually only the second will survive past the first week. Creches form at three weeks, chicks fledge near 75 days.
Leopard Seals, Hooker Sea Lions, giant petrels, skuas
Conservation Challenges and Solutions:
Fisheries interactions, Global climate change.
Population/IUCN- The World Conservation Union designation:
Vulnerable population estimated at 46,500 birds.
North American Zoos & Aquariums: