|Did You Know?
The Magellanic penguin is the most numerous of 4 species of the genus Spheniscus. The other 3 species are the Humboldt, African and the Galapagos penguins.
Common: Magellanic penguin, jackass penguin, Pinguino magellanico.
Scientific: Spheniscus magellanicus. Spheniscus meaning “little wedge” and magellanicus referring to the Straits of Magellan an area where this species occurs.
Central Chile and central Argentina, south to Cape Horn and the Falkland Islands.
Pelagic schooling fish especially anchovies and some squid.
This species migrates north from April to August after completion of molt reaching Argentina and southern Brazil. Vagrant to NE Brazil, Australia, New Zealand and the Islands of the southern Atlantic.
Nest in burrows and lay 2 eggs, which are incubated for 40 days by both males and females. Chicks are covered in down and fed regurgitated food from the parents until they are fledged at about 80 days.
Leopard seals and killer whales.
Conservation Challenges and Solutions:
Egg collecting, Habitat deterioration, Guano mining, Oil pollution, Industrial development, Commercial fishing, Fishing nets, Human activities tourism and ranching.
Population/IUCN- The World Conservation Union designation:
Near Threatened population estimated at 2,600,000 birds.
North American Zoos & Aquariums:
Captive population in North America = 190