|Did You Know?
The Erect-Crested penguin belongs to a group of penguins commonly known as crested penguins. All species of crested penguins have heads adorned with yellow feathers This member of the Eudyptes family is the only penguin who’s crest is fully erect; no part of the crest comes below the eye.
Common: Sclaters Penguin, Auckland Island Penguin, Big Crestes Penguin
Scientific: Eudyptes sclateri. Eudyptes meaning good diver and sclateri referring to the British ornithologist for which the penguin is named.
Both islands of New Zealand, with some birds on Antipodes, Bounty, and Auckland Islands. Non-breeding range at sea is unknown.
Virtually unknown. Believed to be pelagic feeders with a diet composed of crustaceans, cephalopods and fish.
Highly gregarious species. Breeding on cliffs with access to suitable sites. Nests are built on rocky slopes, rocky beaches, and areas without vegetation.
Breeding cycle is not well studied. A two egg clutch is laid in September, the first egg weight is 55% of second egg. Incubation is near 35 days. Chicks fledge at 75 days, only one chick is fledged per nest.
Natural: Fur Seals, skuas and giant petrels.
Conservation Challenges and Solutions:
Global climate changes. Fishing and over fishing. Pollution.
Population/IUCN- The World Conservation Union designation:
Endangered population estimated at 8,000,000 birds
North American Zoos & Aquariums: