|Did You Know?
The chinstrap penguin is the second most numerous penguin in the world. This penguin belongs to a group of penguins known as the brush-tailed or stiff-tailed penguins.
Common: Chinstrap penguin, bearded penguin, stone cracker.
Scientific: Pygoscelis Antarctica. Pygoscelis meaning ‘rump legged’ and Antarctica referring to the area in which they live.
Circumpolar, breeding south of the Antarctic Convergence on islands and on the Antarctic Peninsula.
Primarily krill but occasionally small fish.
Chinstraps are the boldest, most combative and agile of the brush-tailed species.
Chinstraps nest in large colonies and share these breeding locations with both Gentoo and Adelie penguins. Mates are monogamous. The nest is simple, composed of stones, feathers and bones. Lays 2 eggs, generally 3 days apart. Incubation lasts 37 days and is shared by both male and female. Chicks remain at the nest until fledging at about 7-8 weeks of age.
Leopards seals prey on adults while skuas and sheathbills take chicks and eggs.
Conservation Challenges and Solutions:
Regulation of commercial krill fishing in waters near breeding colonies. Control of marine pollution, particularly oil spills and chemical contamination. Limitation of tourist activity near breeding colonies.
Population/IUCN- The World Conservation Union designation:
Least Concern population estimated at 8,000,000 birds.
North American Zoos & Aquariums:
Captive population in North America =